Jun 28, 2019 03:36 PM EDT
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have developed a low-cost, portable optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanner that promises to bring the vision-saving technology to underserved regions throughout the United States and abroad.
Jun 28, 2019 08:29 AM EDT
Conflict over resource extraction is rampant in sub-Saharan Africa, with small-scale miners violently pitted against multinational mining corporations - and the state security forces that protect them - for access. Attempts to solve the problem by imposing Western environmental systems and regulations aren't working. But it's not for the reasons most experts might suspect, according to a new Illinois study.
Jun 27, 2019 11:35 AM EDT
Malaria parasites develop faster in mosquitoes at lower temperatures than previously thought, according to researchers at Penn State and the University of Exeter. The findings suggest that even slight climate warming could increase malaria risk to hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of people including travelers in areas that are currently too cold for malaria parasites to complete their development.
Jun 25, 2019 01:29 PM EDT
Around half of patients admitted to hospital in Vietnam are carriers of multiresistant intestinal bacteria, which are resistant to carbapenems, a group of broad-spectrum antibiotics. This is the conclusion of a study by Swedish and Vietnamese scientists led by Linköping University, published in the Journal of Infection.
Jun 25, 2019 01:25 PM EDT
A new study provides evidence to support a simple measurement for diagnosing clinically significant airflow obstruction, the key characteristic of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. The study found that a 70% ratio of two indicators of lung function proved as or more accurate than other thresholds for predicting COPD-related hospitalizations and deaths.
Jun 21, 2019 02:41 PM EDT
A scientific approach has been used to re-identify huge birds etched into the desert plains of southern Peru around 2,000 years ago. The birds appear to be exotic to the region and further studies could help explain their significance. The study is published in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.
Jun 19, 2019 11:28 AM EDT
Geospatial scientists have developed a new program to monitor street signs needing replacement or repair by tapping into Google Street View images.
Jun 19, 2019 10:57 AM EDT
MADISON - As the Great Recession wiped out nearly 9 million jobs and 19 trillion dollars in wealth from U.S. households, American families experienced another steep decline -- they had fewer children.
Jun 18, 2019 11:16 AM EDT
Climate change had a significant impact on people living in the Amazon rainforest before the arrival of Europeans and the loss of many indigenous groups, a new study shows.
Jun 12, 2019 04:15 PM EDT
Over the past four years, an instrument attached to a telescope in the Chilean Andes - known as the Gemini Planet Imager - has set its gaze on 531 stars in search of new planets. The team, led by Stanford University, is now releasing initial findings from the first half of the survey, published June 12 in The Astronomical Journal.
Jun 11, 2019 02:34 PM EDT
ITHACA, N.Y. - Cornell University researchers are expressing hope for the future of Houston's breathable air, despite the city's poor rankings in the American Lung Association's 2019 "State of the Air" report.
Jun 11, 2019 02:23 PM EDT
If you were able to stand on the bottom of the seafloor and look up, you would see flakes of falling organic material and biological debris cascading down the water column like snowflakes in a phenomenon known as marine snow.
Jun 08, 2019 04:27 PM EDT
SAN ANTONIO - According to preliminary results of a new study, there is a high prevalence of insufficient sleep and symptoms of common sleep disorders among medical center nurses.
Jun 07, 2019 01:16 PM EDT
The problem of cleaning up toxic polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) pollution - commonly used in non-stick and protective coatings, lubricants and aviation fire-fighting foams - has been solved through the discovery of a new low-cost, safe and environmentally friendly method that removes PFAS from water.
Jun 05, 2019 11:58 AM EDT
A team of researchers led by the University of California San Diego have discovered what's responsible for making the teeth of the deep-sea dragonfish transparent. This unique adaptation, which helps camouflage the dragonfish from their prey, results from their teeth having an unusually crystalline nanostructure mixed with amorphous regions.