Different kinds of illnesses and their differences

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different kinds of viruses

There are different kinds of illnesses all over the country and now we have the new coronavirus spreading making every person panic and stuck at their houses.

Dr. Maria Granzotti, the chief medical clinical official at Ascension Texas, separates the contrasts between allergies, colds, strep throat, flu, and COVID-19  before going to the hospital to see a doctor who specializes these illnesses.

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It is a transmitted disease through animals and people. Scientists found out that it is circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. The symptoms of coronavirus are:

  • Respiratory Symptoms

  • Fever

  • Cough

  • Shortness of breath

  • And, breathing difficulties

In severe cases, the coronavirus can cause pneumonia, kidney failure, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and even death.


Or influenza can cause mild to severe illness and can lead to death. It is different from a cold. Usually, it comes on suddenly. People who have flu feel all of these symptoms.

  • Fever/Chills

  • Cough

  • Sore throat

  • Runny or stuffed nose

  • Muscle or body pain

  • Headaches

  • Fatigue

  • Vomiting

  • Diarrhea

People recover in a few days or less than two weeks, but some people develop complications such as pneumonia, some of which can be life-threatening and result in death.

Strep throats

A bacterial infection that is itchy in your throat and can make it sore. If untreated, strep throats can lead to other complications, such as rheumatic fever or kidney inflammation. Here are the symptoms of having a strep throat:

  • Throat pain that usually comes on quickly

  • Painful swallowing

  • Redness and swollen tonsils

  • Tender lymph nodes in your neck, Swollen

  • Fever

  • Headache

  • Body pain

  • Rash

  • Nausea

It's possible for you or your children to have a significant number of these signs and side effects yet not have strep throat. The reason for these signs and side effects could be a viral disease or some different illnesses.


A viral infection of your nose and throat that is usually harmless. There are other types of viruses can cause colds. Here are the symptoms of having a common cold.

  • Runny/stuffed nose

  • Cough

  • Sore throat

  • Congestion

  • Slight body pain

  • Mild headache

  • Low-grade fever

  • Sneezing

There are no vaccines for common colds but you can take safety precautions to slow the spread of cold viruses.


When your immune system reacts to a foreign substance such as pollen, pet's fur, bee venom or food that does not cause a reaction in most people, allergies occur. Your immune system produces antibodies when you have allergies. When allergies occur your immune system can inflame your skin, sinuses, digestive system or airways. Here are the symptoms of having allergies.

Hay Fever or also called allergic rhinitis

  • Sneezing

  • Itching of the nose, eyes or roof of the mouth

  • Runny/stuffed nose

  • Conjunctivitis

Food allergy

  • Hives

  • Anaphylaxis

  • Tingling in the mouth

  • Swelling of the lips, throat, tongue or face

Insect sting allergy

  • Itching or hives all over the body

  • Cough

  • Chest tightness

  • Wheezing or shortness of breath

  • A large area of swelling at the sting

  • Anaphylaxis

Atopic dermatitis or eczema

  • Itch

  • Flake or peel

  • Redden


This can be triggered by some types of allergies including foods and insect stings. The signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • Skin rash

  • Lightheadedness

  • A rapid/weak pulse

  • Severe shortness of breath

  • Low blood pressure

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Nausea and vomiting

In the event that you've had an extreme allergy attack or any signs and indications of allergies before, make an appointment to see your doctor who specializes in allergies and immunology.

Related Article: Coronavirus Effects: How it Harms Human Body Organs