Pursuing a career in HR management can offer dozens of rewards including job security, career advancement, and an excellent salary package. HR professionals are responsible for managing employee relations and have the opportunity to help others and have a positive impact on their working environment. This makes HR a rewarding career for someone with strong people skills and an interest in helping others. Becoming a successful HR manager is not easy and you must develop various skills and attributes to support your career goals. If you think that a career in HR might be right for you, here is a step-by-step guide to becoming an effective HR manager:

Step 1: Research the role 

The role of an HR manager is extremely diverse and you must have a clear understanding of what the job entails. According to advice on totaljobs.com, 'HR management focuses on implementing effective strategies and processes to manage a company's workforce and employee relations'. HR managers play a vital role in companies as they have the power to create a productive work culture and improve employee performance. HR managers perform a wide range of tasks and functions within a business. This can range from administration to advising on employment law, and everything in between. HR managers are also responsible for dealing with employment relations issues, managing the recruitment process, and collaborating with other managers in the business along with external parties. If you are considering a role in HR management, then you should learn about the role by visiting career advice websites or reading HR articles online. If you are already working in HR, then learn how your role would change if you moved into a management role. You can speak with HR managers and other professionals to gain insight into HR management and what to expect. However, keep in mind that the responsibilities of HR managers vary depending on the company and size of the team. 

Step 2: Earn qualifications 

Aspiring HR professionals must complete formal training and earn various qualifications before they can secure a job in HR management. To become an HR manager, you must typically complete a bachelor's degree in human resources through an accredited business school or college. Your degree will teach you the core aspects of HR such as employment law, management practices and employee development. You should also try to complete internships to build your experience and gain real-world experience in the HR industry. This will also allow you to grow your professional network and connect with influential people in the HR sector. Many HR professionals go on to complete additional qualifications to broaden their skillset and improve their future job prospects. For instance, online mba programs can be taken to gain the skills and expertise needed to become an effective business manager. These programs support flexible study and make it possible for HR professionals to enhance their qualifications alongside work and other commitments. 

Step 3: Write a quality resume

There is strong competition for the top HR management roles, so you must write an impressive resume that will attract the attention of potential employers. Take the time to write a high-quality resume and try to identify ways to make your application stand out from others in your field. If you have a master's degree or other higher qualifications, then make sure you highlight these in the education section of your resume. You should also highlight your accomplishments and give detailed examples of what you have achieved during your HR career. For example, you might have lowered staff turnover by 25 percent or saved a company $75,000 a year through effective restructuring. It is also extremely important that you proofread your resume thoroughly and correct any spelling mistakes or grammatical errors. Writing a flawless resume will significantly increase your chances of being offered an interview, so never skip proofreading. You can find a great selection of HR resume templates online to guide you and help you draft a winning resume. 

Step 4: Improve your communication 

Good communication skills are fundamental to effective HR management. As an HR manager, you will talk to people daily and be responsible for communicating with employees, other managers, and external clients and stakeholders. The quality of your communication will play a crucial role in the performance of the company, so you must develop strong communication skills. HR professionals should be naturally good communicators, although there are ways to enhance your communication skills in the workplace. One of the simplest ways to become a good communicator in HR is by taking courses and workshops on soft skills like critical listening, conflict management, and negotiation. You can improve your presentation abilities by practicing public speaking in front of a small group of employees or asking for guidance from a professional with strong public speaking skills. 

Step 5: Utilize HR technologies 

HR professionals have access to a huge variety of tools and software that can streamline HR functions and improve efficiency. For example, HR information systems can be implemented to elevate the overall management of HR, along with business processes and data collection. Technology experts at techfunnel.com explain how some of the other key benefits of using an HR information system include optimized scheduling, employee empowerment and a reduction in payroll errors. HR information systems can also be utilized to access valuable analytics data and make more informed business decisions. You should stay up to date with new developments in HR technology and utilize software and digital tools to increase the effectiveness of HR processes. 

Step 6: Protect sensitive information 

HR managers have to deal with high volumes of sensitive information such as compensation and employee disputes. The HR department should respect people's privacy and follow certain guidelines to protect confidential information. You must never disclose any sensitive information to other people and you should arrange one-on-one meetings to create a secure and trusting environment. Working in the HR department means that you will have access to company information such as salaries and contract offers. You must avoid passing this information on to others and maintain your professionalism at all times. Handle sensitive information with care and speak with your IT department to get advice on how to store confidential data and protect it from cyber threats like hacking. HR professionals can also refer to online blogs and articles for tips on how to protect sensitive employee information

Step 7: Network with HR professionals 

HR managers should network as a way to build professional relationships, stay up to date with industry trends, and develop their core HR skills. If you are working in HR, make an effort to attend industry events such as seminars and conferences. This will allow you to connect with influential people in your industry and broaden your HR knowledge. You can also use social media platforms like Linkedin to expand your professional network and get involved in HR groups and discussions online. Use your social media accounts to share relevant information such as updates in employment law or HR related news articles. 

Step 8: Understand employment law

HR managers do not need to be experts in legal matters, but they should have an understanding of employment law and how it applies in business. HR managers are often faced with situations and decisions that could have legal consequences, for example how to deal with employee disputes or payment issues. For that reason, a strong knowledge of employment law is essential to HR success. Employment laws and regulations are constantly changing, so you must invest time in keeping up to date with the current rules affecting HR policies. You can subscribe to the Society for Human Resource Management's newsletter to receive updates on employment law. You can also expand your knowledge of employment law by completing various workshops or enrolling on a college course. Most HR departments have an employment attorney on hand to assist in legal matters and disputes that are more complex or outside of their knowledge. 

Step 9: Focus on employee satisfaction

A core function of the HR department is to maintain positive employee relations and reduce staff turnover rates. High staff turnover can have an overwhelming impact on a company and lead to a huge loss of revenue. HR managers must, therefore, focus on employee satisfaction and implement strategies to boost engagement and productivity in the workplace. This may involve improving internal communication channels, arranging team building activities, organizing work social events, or offering employee benefits and reward schemes. Implementing these steps should help to create a positive work culture and increase employee satisfaction. HR managers are also responsible for organizing staff training and development. Skilled employees are a valuable asset in business, so staff development should be a top priority for HR managers.

Step 10: Learn good financial management  

The costs associated with personnel often make up a large percentage of a company's overall expenses. HR managers should have strong financial management skills and implement effective strategies to help cut business overheads and boost revenue potential. You should focus your time on areas of the business that can add the most value while keeping costs to a minimum. Make sure that you keep budgets in mind at all times i.e. when considering the costs and benefits of hiring new employees. You should continuously look for ineffective processes and identify ways to make business processes more cost-effective. HR should also communicate with the finance department to help ensure that targets are met while sticking with the available budgets. 

Step 11: Develop effective recruitment strategies 

Hiring and recruitment is another core element of HR. Employees are an organization's most valuable resource and play a significant role in helping a company achieve its goals and objectives. With that in mind, organizations rely heavily on the HR manager's ability to create successful hiring strategies and attract top talent to the company. Here are some of the most common employee recruitment strategies that HR managers use to enhance the hiring process:

  • Create a brand that clearly defines your company values. Make sure that your job advertisements, social media posts, and marketing campaigns all align with your brand.

  • Write detailed job advertisements that reflect your business and give candidates all of the information they will need to decide if they would be a good fit for your company. 

  • Maintain an active presence on social media and use professional platforms like Linkedin to headhunt and search for top talent in your industry. 

  • Conduct a thorough interview process to make sure that you hire the right candidates.

  • Install applicant tracking software to streamline the hiring process and automate key recruitment tasks like posting jobs, sorting applicants and scheduling interviews. 

Step 12: Become a strong leader

HR managers must develop strong leadership skills to be effective in their roles. The role of an HR manager will usually involve managing a team of other HR professionals and the manager is responsible for ensuring that performance targets are met. To be a successful HR manager, you must have strong communication skills, outstanding organization, and a positive mindset. This will encourage your team to work productively and overcome any challenges they may face. You should also act as a role model and mirror the behaviors you expect from your team. For instance, make sure that you comply with the relevant HR regulations and avoid taking shortcuts when it comes to data protection or employee protocols. This will set the expectations for how you want your team to act in the workplace. 


Training to become an HR manager will allow you to make a positive impact in the business world and help others achieve their goals. You will also be in a position of influence and enjoy benefits such as excellent remuneration, along with other perks such as a generous vacation allowance and pension scheme. The role of an HR manager is extremely diverse and you must develop the skills and attributes to support HR success. Use the above guide to help you become an effective and successful HR manager.