Saturday, October 19, 2019 Headlines & Global News


Andrey Bazlov, NUST MISIS (IMAGE)

Scientists Develop Low-cost Energy-efficient Materials

Apr 24, 2019 10:19 AM EDT

An international team of scientists from the National University of Science and Technology "MISIS" (NUST MISIS), Tianjin University (China), as well as from Japan and the United States has developed new energy-efficient iron-based alloys which combine high mechanical and magnetic properties with low cost and open up new opportunities for industry.

Image of Mercury (IMAGE)

A Closer Look at Mercury's Spin and Gravity Reveals the Planet's Inner Solid Core

Apr 18, 2019 08:59 PM EDT

How do you explore the interior of a planet without ever touching down on it? Start by watching the way the planet spins, then measure how your spacecraft orbits it -- very, very carefully. This is exactly what NASA planetary scientists did, using data from the agency's former mission to Mercury.

Genetic Research Conducted in Ethiopia (IMAGE)

Western bias in human genetic studies is 'both scientifically damaging and unfair'

Mar 22, 2019 07:59 AM EDT

Despite efforts to include more diversity in research, people of European ancestry continue to be vastly overrepresented and ethnically diverse populations largely excluded from human genomics research, according to the authors of a commentary published March 21 in a special issue of the journal Cell on human genetics.

Genes (IMG)

Our genes affect where fat is stored in our bodies

Jan 21, 2019 10:21 AM EST

A recent study from Uppsala University has found that whether you store your fat around the trunk or in other parts of your body is highly influenced by genetic factors and that this effect is present predominantly in women and to a much lower extent in men.

The color seed shot shows the crop (left) and the wild/weedy relative (right).

3,000-year-old eastern North American quinoa discovered in Ontario

Jan 19, 2019 10:33 AM EST

A mass of charred seeds found while clearing a home construction site in Brantford, Ontario, has been identified as ancient, domesticated goosefoot (C. berlandieri spp. jonesianum), a form of quinoa native to Eastern North America.

Illustration of the Conclusion

How gut bacteria affect the treatment of Parkinson's disease

Jan 19, 2019 10:31 AM EST

Patients with Parkinson's disease are treated with levodopa, which is converted into dopamine, a neurotransmitter in the brain. In a study published on 18 January in the journal Nature Communications, scientists from the University of Groningen show that gut bacteria can metabolize levodopa into dopamine.

Brain Organoids

Europe looks to cells for a healthier future

Jan 17, 2019 08:43 AM EST

The two largest European research organizations - Germany's Helmholtz Association and the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) in France - are playing a major role in understanding the constant changes within cells and their relationships to one another, thus creating the foundation for the precision medicines of the future.

Aging Female Mouse Femur Bone, with and without Treatment

Ultra-sturdy bones, with a surprising origin, suggest new osteoporosis approach

Jan 14, 2019 10:21 AM EST

A handful of brain cells deep in the brain may play a surprising role in controlling women's bone density, according to new research by UC San Francisco and UCLA scientists.

Bengal Tiger an endangered species

New mathematical model can help save endangered species

Jan 14, 2019 10:13 AM EST

What does the blue whale have in common with the Bengal tiger and the green turtle? They share the risk of extinction and are classified as endangered species. There are multiple reasons for species to die out, and climate changes is among the main reasons.

A new technique will make it possible to detect viruses in the field. In this case, a yam plot in Guadeloupe.

Mobile, instant diagnosis of viruses

Jan 12, 2019 04:52 PM EST

A new high-throughput, miniature, portable sequencing technique* has been developed in recent years, for human and animal health purposes. It uses mobile laboratories to diagnose viruses such as Ebola or Zika almost instantly, in the field. Diagnosis is both quick and early, which avoids the need to transfer contaminated samples.

Gene-editing tool CRISPR repurposed to develop better antibiotics

Jan 12, 2019 04:38 PM EST

MADISON, Wis. -- A University of Wisconsin-Madison researcher and his collaborators at the University of California, San Francisco have repurposed the gene-editing tool CRISPR to study which genes are targeted by particular antibiotics, providing clues on how to improve existing antibiotics or develop new ones.

A microfluidic technique quickly sorts bacteria based on their capability to generate electricity.

Technique identifies electricity-producing bacteria

Jan 12, 2019 04:33 PM EST

Living in extreme conditions requires creative adaptations. For certain species of bacteria that exist in oxygen-deprived environments, this means finding a way to breathe that doesn't involve oxygen. These hardy microbes, which can be found deep within mines, at the bottom of lakes, and even in the human gut, have evolved a unique form of breathing that involves excreting and pumping out electrons. In other words, these microbes can actually produce electricity.

Artist's Impression of the Gaia Satellite

New technique more precisely determines the ages of stars, Embry-Riddle researchers report

Jan 12, 2019 04:14 PM EST

New technique more precisely determines the ages of stars, Embry-Riddle researchers report

Solar Steam

Sun-soaking device turns water into superheated steam

Dec 11, 2018 09:46 PM EST

Sun-soaking device turns water into superheated steam

Exoplanet HAT-P-11b

An exoplanet inflated like a balloon

Dec 06, 2018 09:25 PM EST

An exoplanet inflated like a balloon

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