One particular video reveals how easily the coronavirus infection can spread from an infected person through talking on mass transit.

Scientists of the University of Oregon created the simulation using MSC Software-produced technology. In it, they portray an infected person striking a conversation in close quarters with someone inside the London Tube or New York City subway and shows the potential spread of the coronavirus without sufficient facial covering or social distancing protocols.

Speed of the spread

The video was shared to BBC and reveals that droplets do not travel as far when talking compared to sneezing, but are still able to spread more considerably than one might expect, according to Fox News.

The University of Leicester's Julian Tang said that the droplets would not travel as far if you are only talking or breathing. Still, it would be enough to transfer the virus to someone sitting close to you.

"That's the key, distance. How far do the infected droplets have to travel to infect someone else?" he added.

Scientists and MSC Software experts have advised that the risks can be mitigated with the use of face masks on public transportation.

The information comes as some states in America have begun to slowly reopen as government officials found the need to start reviving the economy.

If a minimum of six feet of social distancing must be maintained, the World Health Organization (WHO) advises that time spent with colleagues and friends should be limited to 15 minutes.

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Mitigating risks

BBC reports that the risks of infection on trains and buses or other public transport depend on the number of people using them as well how much distance you can keep between you and other passengers.

One other factor that plays a role in mitigating the spread is ventilation, as fresh air can aid in dissipating droplets that contain the virus. This information can be helpful as remembering to open a window can reduce the spread of the infection.

The coronavirus spreads through the air, either by coughing, sneezing, or exhaling small droplets into the surroundings. These particles enter through a person's eyes, nose, and mouth, either directly from the air or by contact from an infected surface.

The advised distance to maintain is two meters away from any person outside of your household.

The Institute for Global Health's Dr Lara Gosce said that her research which was published in 2018 that people who regularly used the Underground, were more likely to suffer flu-like symptoms.

A similar video was revealed early May that showcased the speed by which the coronavirus spreads inside a buffet restaurant. A previous video also showed how one single cough spread the virus in a supermarket was released in April.

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in New York City advised citizens to stay at home and in the case of needing to use public transport systems such as trains and buses, to wear face masks to mitigate the risks of spreading or being infected.

Additionally, the system opted to close down from 1:00 a.m. to 5:00 a.m. every day that they dedicated to cleaning and disinfecting their establishment to reduce the spread of the coronavirus further.

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