With efforts to ease forth cannabis legalization in full swing across several parts of the US, demand for marijuana is expected to spike in the days to come. Such makes indoor cannabis cultivation a proper innovation, and a former NASA scientist is endeavoring on improving that.  

Having worked on developments for plant-based life support systems, scientist Neil Yorio now spends most of his time at BIOS - a company that provides lighting solutions for both humans and plants. Chief among Yorio's considerations for growing marijuana indoors is the high security it provides.

Yorio's work with NASA on LED-based life support provides the core basis for BIOS' grow lights. With lesser power consumption and free of mercury usage, BIOS lights are highly efficient. Such is in contrast to the inefficiency of high-sodium lights, which produces light wavelengths that provide no benefits to plants.

NASA invested...to explore bioregenerative life support systems...Now we...have the opportunity to build upon that base of knowledge that is directly applicable to indoor commercial crop production, and cannabis is one of those many crops," said Yorio as reported by Digital Trends.

Yorio added that the cannabis industry has yet to fully tap on LED lighting technology for growing crops, citing inadequate education and the absence of a definite set of standards. The scientist explained that the LED light's cooler running may lead to changes on certain plant maintenance aspects.

One current downside to BIOS lights, however, is its price. This is understandable, considering that it involves fairly-new technology that treads on a legally-contentious matter - cannabis cultivation. Lighting a 1,000-square foot canopy would require 62 BIOS lights, which is priced at $1,500 apiece.

On the positive side, BIOS lights are made to last for up to a decade, when used within its prescribed usage of 12 hours on-12 hours off needed for optimal marijuana growth. Such outlasts high-pressure sodium lights by up to eight times.

Specific legal constraints per state prove to be the single largest hindrance to the development of cannabis cultivation systems. Apart from costliness, much has yet to be discovered with regard to efficient marijuana growth - an endeavor that is restrained by present legal impediments in place.